Today, I was surprised to find an interesting research paper that involved the Newburghs and many of the collateral families who inhabited Dorset, Somerset, Wilts etc. This paper gives an interesting account of the history of the family who were involved with the Yorkists.
HOWEVER, the gentleman who wrote the paper was slim on details about the various John Newburghs who were part of this family history. He did not cite original wills or IPM documents, and took his information from previous books that only guessed at the family tree.
It doesn't appear that he had gone to the lengths of detailing each member named John, and he was unaware of the fact that there was more than one Roger. He also did not have wives and children appropriately named. Again, another historian has left out the Attemore's and mixed up the children. So the political history is probably the only accurate information this scholar may have chronicled correctly.
None-the-less as far as it can be determined after six centuries, he may have nailed down a little more information about the family's political affiliations. The Beaufort affinity was Lancastrian, but the author mentions only the Stourton affinity.
You can download the paper here. It was written as a MA dissertation by Robert Stansfield in 2002 at the University of Lancaster.
For many years, it was thought (by me) that the Barony of Poorstock/Powerstock was reduced by King Stephen and other lands traded, but it appears there is other information that shows the Newburghs held the Powerstock barony until around 1338. I. J. Sanders author of the book English Baronies gives a fresh perspective on the barony and what it might have meant to the Newburghs in the 14th and 15th centuries. Have a look.
English Baronies: a Study of Their Origin and Descent, 1086-1327
By Ivor John Sanders
I have just posted the pedigree for the Newburgh family beginning with Robert Newburgh, 3rd son of Henry Newburgh 1st earl of Warwick. Robert was seneschal of Normandy and never lived in England. His son inherited all his father's English lands and developed East Lulworth from a Saxon and Norman Crown manor on Lulla.
I believe I have isolated a case of infidelity and illegitimacy in the Newburgh family. John Newburgh Esq. has been our anchor ancestor for this time period and it appears that he was in a relationship with Alice Carent while married to Edith Attemore Newburgh.
The facts are that John Newburgh Esq. (b. 7 July 1402) was first married in April 1422 to Edith Attemore. She died c. 1448. They had three sons who are detailed in the 1449 Feet of Fines – as John Jr., Robert, and Thomas. (Feet of Fines Vol. 10, 370-71) When Edith died the Esquire quickly remarried Alice Carent Westbury (a widow) in 1448/9. This was also mentioned in the Feet of Fines pages. The Esquire supposedly sired a son William with Alice. However, he was TOO OLD to have been born after their 1448/9 marriage. Alice’s first husband John Westbury also died in 1448.
An interesting sidebar to Alice’s Westbury marriage may or may not be relevant: Alice and JOHN WESTBURY purportedly had a young son also named William who died under illegal wardship with his uncle, Nicholas Carent, Dean of Wells Cathedral, on the eve of St. James the Apostle, 24 July 1453. This young William died AFTER Alice’s marriage to John Newburgh.
The older William (the Esquire’s son) was killed in May of 1471 (Tewkesbury). At the time, William had four sons. Just four months after William's death the Esquire transferred his East Lulworth legacy by charter to William’s heirs, bypassing his first wife’s sons - John Jr., Robert, and Thomas.
The eldest of William’s sons was John Newburgh Senior who was 27 years of age at his grandfather’s death in 1483. Which would make his birth abt. 1456. Consequently, his father WILLIAM must have been born c. 1431 or later, which was the period in which the Esquire was still married to his first wife Edith.
I have verified this theory via the work of author Helen Matthews, titled The Legitimacy of Bastards. Matthews' study lays out the formulaic property laws that governed the transfer of wealth in the late 14th and 15th centuries via feoffees (enfeoffment to uses). It was not uncommon for illegitimate sons to take precedence over legitimate heirs. Matthews' work is a a must read to understanding the evolving property law in the Middle Ages. I recommend this highly readable book for anyone trying to understand English property law.
Another interesting point was how many of the Beaumont people are mentioned in this book. Something that I didn't know was King William II married Isabel, widow of Robert de Beaumont/Newburgh Count of Meulan and Earl of Leicester! Many other family names collateral to the Newburghs are mentioned in this book.
When I think about the Esquire's withdrawal of his 'right heirs' primogeniture during the 15th century, I wonder how the line would have turned out, and if Lulworth would have been preserved under their continued chamberlainship.
Until next time . . .
It has been over a thousand years since a member of the Beaumont family changed his name to Newburgh AND almost as long since the East Lulworth tract came into possession of Robert de Newburgh Seneschal and Justice of Normandy under William the Conqueror.
I would like to invite you on a journey through time and discuss the history of Dorset and the many families who surrounded the Newburgh family from 1088 until 1630.
My current objective is to identify the families who migrated away from Lulworth to Stockland in the 16th century.
I am a medieval historian who has been studying the Newburgh family of Dorset for 20+ years.